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5th International Conference on Cytopathology and Histopathology, will be organized around the theme “Technological Construction of Cytopathology & Histopathology”
Cytopathology 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Cytopathology 2019
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Diagnostic Cytopathology Essentials is a succinct yet comprehensive guide to diagnosis in both non-gynecological and gynecological cytology. It provides quick answers to diagnostic problems in the cytological interpretation and recognition of a wide range of disease entities. Fine needle aspiration cytology is an inexpensive, a traumatic technique for the diagnosis of disease sites. It illustrates how it may be applied to the management of tumors throughout the body. The limitations of the method, the dangers of false positive reports, and the inevitability of false negative diagnoses are emphasized. In a clinical context, the method has much to offer by saving patients from inappropriate operations and investigations and allowing surgeons to plan quickly and more rationally. It is an economically valuable technique and deserves greater recognition.
In the recent studies, 1607 FNACs of 1333 patients which were classified according to the Bethesda system and 126 histopathological evaluations obtained from this group were evaluated. The mean age of the patients was 51.24 (range: 17-89, 17% male and 83% female). The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy rates were evaluated.
- Track 1-1Comprehensive Cytopathology
- Track 1-2Cytopathology in Laboratory Medicine Technology
- Track 1-3Cytology in the diagnosis of breast disease
- Track 1-4Cytopathology in future medicine
Cytopathology usually used to aid in the diagnosis of cancer, but also helps in the diagnosis of certain infectious diseases and other inflammatory conditions. Cancer Cytopathology is generally used on samples of free cells or tissue fragments, in contrast to histopathology, which studies whole tissues. Cytopathologic tests are sometimes called smear tests because the samples may be smeared across a glass microscope slide for subsequent staining and microscopic examination. However, cytology samples may be prepared in other ways, including cytocentrifugation. Different types of smear tests may also be used for cancer diagnosis. In this sense, it is termed a cytological smear.
In the new study, which reviewed screening results from approximately 8.6 million women, 18.6% of women with confirmed cervical cancer received a negative test result when tested only with an HPV assay. In contrast, 5.5% of women with cancer who were co-tested received a negative test result, representing an approximate three-fold improvement in the cancer detection rate.
- Track 2-1Thyroid Cytopathology
- Track 2-2Molecular Modelling
- Track 2-3Cancer Diagnosis
Histology is the study of the microscopic anatomy of cells and tissues of plants and animals. It is commonly performed by examining cells and tissues under a light microscope or electron microscope, which have been sectioned, stained and mounted on a microscope slide. Histological studies may be conducted using tissue culture, where live human or animal cells are isolated and maintained in an artificial environment for various research projects.
Histopathology, the microscopic study of diseased tissue, is an important tool in anatomical pathology, since accurate diagnosis of cancer and other diseases usually requires histopathological examination of samples.
- Track 3-1Molecular Histopathology
- Track 3-2Clinical and Pathological Aspects
- Track 3-3Immunohistochemistry
Cytopathology surgical autopsy service serves multiple important functions. In addition to routine autopsy reports, this section provides sources of material for many research activities, including retrospective studies of various diseases, case reports, comparative tissue studies and studies of various physiologic functions related to a malignant disease. The service provides tissue for virologic, biochemical, molecular and electron microscopic studies.
Surgical pathology is the investigation of tissues expelled from living patients amid surgery to analyze an illness and decide a treatment arrangement. Regularly, the surgical pathologist gives discussion administrations in a wide assortment of organ indications and subspecialties. The act of surgical pathology takes into consideration authoritative analysis of illness (or deficiency in that department) regardless where tissue is surgically expelled from a patient. This is generally performed by a mix of gross (i.e., plainly visible) and histologic (i.e., infinitesimal) examination of the tissue, and may include assessments of sub-atomic properties of the tissue by immunohistochemistry or other research center tests.
- Track 5-1Anatomical Pathology
- Track 5-2Gross Examination
- Track 5-3Histopathologics Examination
- Track 5-4Common and Uncommon Breast Cancers
- Track 5-5Surgical Pathology Reports
Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB, FNA or NAB), or fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), is a diagnostic procedure used to investigate superficial (just under the skin) lumps or masses. In this technique, a thin, hollow needle is inserted into the mass for a sampling of cells that, after being stained, will be examined under a microscope. There could be a cytology exam of aspirate (cell specimen evaluation, FNAC) or histological (biopsy - tissue specimen evaluation, FNAB). Fine-needle aspiration biopsies are very safe, minor surgical procedures. Often, a major surgical (excisional or open) biopsy can be avoided by performing a needle aspiration biopsy instead. In 1981, the first fine-needle aspiration biopsy in the United States was done at Maimonides Medical Center, eliminating the need for surgery and hospitalization. Today, this procedure is widely used in the diagnosis of cancer and inflammatory conditions.
Cervical cytology became the standard screening test for cervical cancer and premalignant cervical lesions. Cytologic examinations may be performed on body fluids (examples are blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid) or on material that is aspirated (drawn out via suction into a syringe) of the body. Cytology also can involve examinations of preparations that are scraped or washed (irrigated with a sterile solution) from specific areas of the body. For example, a common example of diagnostic cytology is the evaluation of cervical smears (referred to as the Papanicolaou test or Pap smear).
Cytology is the examination of cells from the body under a microscope. In a urine cytology exam, a doctor looks at cells collected from a urine specimen, to see how they look and function. The test commonly checks for infection, inflammatory disease of the urinary tract, cancer, or precancerous conditions. Urine cytology is better at finding larger and more aggressive cancers than small, slow-growing cancers.
Dermatopathology is the investigation of cutaneous illnesses at a minuscule level, which likewise includes considering potential reasons for skin, nail or hair issue at the phone level. It is a subspecialty of dermatology and surgical pathology.
Dermatopathology focuses on diagnosis and observation of skin diseases along with infections, chronic and neoplastic diseases. Dermatopathology involves the microscopic examination, description, and interpretation of diagnostic assay specimens obtained from the skin. A dermato-pathologist performs a series of microscopic observations to detect the actual disease. Interpretation of skin specimens is difficult as several inflammatory skin diseases share identical basic inflammatory method or pattern. The ultimate identification needs clinical input and clinicopathological correlation. In some cases, extra specialized testing must be performed on biopsies, as well as technique, assay, microscopy, flow cytometry, and molecular-pathologic analysis.
- Track 9-1Dermatology
- Track 9-2Diagnosis in Dermatopathology
- Track 9-3Dermatological Diseases