Former President Russian Association of Clinical Cytologists Russia
Title: Diagnostic Cytopathology in Russia: from traditions to the future
Biography: Irina P. Shabalova
Clinical cytology in Russia has been born in the body of Clinical laboratory diagnostics and hematology and starts to develop rapidly in early 60th. Moscow Cancer Research Centre by P.A. Herzen became a leader of diagnostics cytology: FNA and exfoliative material, rapid on site intraoperative, endoscopical and FNA evaluation, cervical screening etc. About 300 centralized cytological laboratories were founded in early 70th. The government system of quality control has been designed in 90th. Nowadays conventional and liquid-based cytology is used in clinical cytology for gynecological and non-gynecological samples as well as ancillary techniques such as immunocytochemistry, immunofenotyping, PCR, cytogenetics and other molecular studies. Automation was implemented to cervical screening in some laboratories. Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education plays an important role in scientific work, teaching and training: courses from 2 weeks to 3 month, monthly held ”Round Table”, computer classrooms, e-learning by lectures and scanned virtual slides etc.